While starting an organic garden is very similar to starting any garden, the difference lies in the prep work, from the planning stages to analyzing the site, and deciding on what you want to grow.
First, you must set a goal as to why you are starting an organic garden. Is it for health purposes or you just want something to beautify your back yard? You have to consider what type of garden you want and what you want to grow as these would be your guiding factor in choosing your garden site.
Site selection comes next. This is very important to make sure that your garden gets sufficient attention and care, which includes ample supply of water and sunlight.
To start an organic vegetable garden, you will be needing a site that gets ample sunlight, say at least six hours of sun everyday. Moreover, swampy areas won’t work with vegetables, instead it will thrive in areas with well watered but well-drained soil.
Now that you have carefully picked the site, it’s now time to map out that garden bed, in other words, you now have to decide on how big and in what form your garden will be. If you opt for a garden bed that has smooth curved borders, you can use a garden hose or any type of strings for your outline.
Next is to clear the area from former settlers such as weeds, gravel, sand or existing plants. You may have enough grass and brush that requires you use a good quality battery powered lawnmower to take the area down to dirt. They say this is the hardest part of the gardening process as this is where the dirty work starts. If you dread the nitty gritty task of picking out whatever is in your site, you can always opt to dig and just sack everything on it and have a fresh start. But mind you, picking up that shovel and digging is neither an easy job.
So the place is now free from unwanted objects, but before putting in those plants, you have to amend or prepare the soil to its best condition by adding compost. Always remember a good garden needs a good soil as plants get their nutrients from the soil.
The fun part in gardening is on choosing the plants but before you hit the nursery, focus on getting those that are grown organically because most nurseries commonly sell conventionally grown plants. And if you get one of those, even as you try to nurture it with no chemicals, chances are traces of the chemicals from the nursery where it came from will contaminate your garden, sending your efforts of starting an organic garden into the void. You can also opt to start your own plants by planting organic seeds.
Now, finally we plant. The hole for the plant must be as deep as the length of the root ball of the plant and after tamping it in with soil, be sure it gets its first dose of water. After that, layer the garden bed with organic mulch such as grass clippings, hay, leaves, or shredded bark to retain the soil moisture and to minimize the growth of weeds.
The work is only done when you have already labeled your plants. You have to label it to help you remember what you planted. You can either put tags near the plant or make a garden map for your reference.
There are other ways of gardening depending on what you plant and depending on your style. Aside from raised bed gardening, which is commonly used for vegetables, other ways such as trellis gardening, pole gardening, greenhouse gardening, or container gardening are also possible for other type plants such as a flower garden or an herb garden.